I have had great experience this time. I experienced American culture through having lectures, field trip, going to lunch with focus group, and many activities. In this last journal, I would like to describe what I learned from this wonderful cross-cultural collaboration between Keio and W&M.

One of the lectures we took is about races. I think one of the biggest differences between Japan and America is diversity. Though I have known about diversity in America since when I was a child, I have never learned about it in the school. So this lecture (including the dialogue class) was very interesting for me. The content of the lecture was mainly about the history of slavery. I learned how slavery strongly connected to American history there. In the lecture, I was surprised that there are still the mind of racial discrimination in some people. Also, I didn’t know there are some thought of white supremacism in America.

Just few days after this lecture, the conflict of a white supremacism group and an opposition faction happened. Furthermore, it happened in Charlottesville which is not far from the College of William and Mary. That is why I felt the issue of race much more familiar. I went to the vigil that happened in front of College of William and Mary with some people. I saw person speaking in front of the people, and everyone held hands and sang a song. I have never participated in vigil, so it was so fresh for me. I was there little time, however I felt importance of this issue strongly, and I admired for highly conscious of matter of the nation and highly ability to take an action of American people. At the same time, I realized that I don’t know about Japan very much. In Japan, I suppose that many people have knowledge of the issues Japan have which is broad but shallow. In addition, they tend to only look at the points that are concretely related to themselves such as rise of consumption tax, and so am I. Taking this opportunity, I am going to consider government and economy of Japan more, for example, initiatively much more than ones of other countries’.

In other, there are many things that I learned in America, such as how to act in a restaurant or a shop, how to take the train, and what the people in America like. Also I haven’t lived in the dormitory, so I could experience a lot of new things. In addition, I made a lot of friends who major in different ways, and I couldn’t meet if I didn’t participate in this program. I get to know not only Japanese friends, but also American friends! (PAs, CIs) I were inspired from them, and I will never forget them. Therefore, I feel that my view became broaden because of this rare opportunity. I’m going to study English more so that I could talk to people all over the world, then I want to know about various countries’ culture especially entertainment. In the last, I greatly appreciate all of people who concern this collaboration program including my parents.


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journal 5

During this program, almost all the experiences were new and impressive for me and also made me think about the meaning of studying abroad. Since I used to live in Vietnam for few years, I’m interested in understanding different culture and I know that it’s better to comprehend their morals and values in local place than listening and reading from some articles. Therefore, I was really looking forward to studying American culture, which is not I studied only from textbook and lecture in Japan, but from local professors in William and Mary University. In fact, every lecture was meaningful and I could see the different perspective from lecture in Japan. Races issues got me think a lot in particular. Each lecture that I took was mentioned about different topics by professor, but when we discuss each lecture seriously in a discussion class, almost all the topic even its topic is food or something that seemingly unrelated to race was connected to human beings, especially race problems. Once, I studied and watched some films focused on during the period of slavery, so I supposed to think myself that I have much knowledge about the racial things. However, taking some lectures, I realized that my knowledge about racialism was just a part of it, and the reality was deeper and more controversial. Moreover, the deadly incident in Charlottesville show me the evidence that the racial issue is biggest matter that still remains. Though it took almost 150 years since Emancipation Proclamation was carried out in 1863 by 16st president Abraham Lincoln, the idea and scars of racial discrimination have not been solved and I think it will last forever in any figure. Therefore, we can’t talk about American history without thinking about racism. Based on lecture and discussion especially during this program, at first on this essay, I want to share my thoughts about racial issue. First, some people say that it is difficult for Japanese to understand American racial issue because of there is no serious, certain discrimination in Japanese community. However, actually there used to have the system of social standing segregation in Japan which is remarkable in Edo period, about 400 years ago. At that time, the class was separated into four and became stratified society which depend on their job’s type. Then, what made the segregation away from latest Japanese society. I came up two main reasons that explain this, one is due to time that has elapsed and the other is racial consciousness. As things change due to time, system and environment that cover it also changes because of time. One of the big reason that disappearing of discrimination is too old to remain. Of course, generally, it gets so much time to change their behavior after amending something. There is record that indicate that there has segregation issue though already carried out the emancipation order. However, passing 400 years, people don’t care about much. Comparing to American society, it may take more time not to care about their racial. Additionally, the reason why racial issue remains is due to the race diversity. Now in Japan, we don’t have abuse segregation because we can’t distinguish their working class. However, in U.S, people who used to have racial segregation because of their looking the color of their skin, so despite the time passed, the discrimination is said it is difficult to disappear even in the future. I strongly hope that America become completely equal no matter what their skin color.
As you can see my consideration, this program made me think about variety issues and recognize that how important to think about it myself.

And the other and the best thing that I was glad to participate in this program is meeting and talking with wonderful students. I’m sure that there was no other program to get to know each other so well. Studying American culture and history, since I think the best way to know culture and history is learning from people who live there. This is because it might be different from another place where it is not local. Actually, through this program I understood its difference especially racial issue as I mentioned above. Therefore, I certainly could spend my wonderful time by talking and having discussion.
Also, thanks to kind and friendly character’s PAs and CIs and Keio students, I could spend amazing two weeks. In the beginning, I couldn’t imagine that spending such a wonderful time and getting know each other so much. I’m sure that I can speak English much better by the time we meet again.

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Journal 5

Firstly, I’d like to talk about my most impressive cultural experience,  secondly my perception changed before and after the program and lastly the important thing I’ve learned.

The most impressive experience is “food culture”. American food is too much in volume, too much strong flavor, too salty, too much sweet for dessert and so on. Surprisingly, in a restaurant, American students are served large amount of meal and then eat up, even if they have slim body. I could not believe it. But it is good for me to be able to choose stuffing of sandwich or hamburger. I can choose what kind of souse, cheese, bread… I was so excited to choose.

Next, I’ll talk about my perception of U.S. changed before and after the program.Before I go to the US, as it is often said that “melting pot”, there are many races and they working together. But I hardly saw that in the city. White people and black people are seemed to live separately like workplace, living place and so on. I hardly see that white and black people act together in the city excepting at W&M university. Though the US is often said that “melting pot”, actually it may be not “melt” but “coexistent”, I thought. That is my perception of U.S. changed before and after the program. Then, I wonder it is difficult to understand each other in the US because there are many various human races and each races have different backgrounds. Then it often lead to the problem like citizen’s demo and difference between wealth and poor, I think. But it is not the only truth. Despite W&M’s students are very unique have different backgrounds, they respect each other and are close like family. Can I get along with different kind of person so early? I’m not sure. Perhaps American people can accept others who has different backgrounds easily.

Lastly, the most important things I learned is ‘assertiveness’. I learned many things in the US. Comparing with Japan, I could notice the characteristics of Japanese, as people often said that Japanese people has synchronism like read the situation.  When American people talk to Japanese group, they often keep quiet because they can’t understand what he said and discuss between Japanese “What did he said?”. Japanese students tend to do not face to American but talk to Japanese. They act inconspicuously and don’t say something if they have no confidence. But W&M people said “Don’t worry about mistake. Just try speak something!”. They receive us more warmly than I thought. Also they have entertainments to enjoy other person and try to make somebody laugh and they have positive-thinkings. They enjoy now!  I think they are wonderful and respectable. If I had a situation to have opportunity to talk to foreigners who came to Japan, I would like to welcome them from bottom of my hearts. Through this program, I’d really been stimulated by their thinking that speaking is better than keeping silence, discussing is better than sympathizing with. For that reason, assertiveness is important. Nevertheless, I’m not good at English, I can talk with W&M students a lot because of a bit of assertiveness. In addition, I’m so realized that it is also important to use the language easily. Whether person can use English or not is thoroughly connect to how he can express myself. Non-verbal communication is also very important in communication but verbal communication makes conversation more fun and effect friendship more good. I’d like to keep learning and using English, and try to stay in the US more longer sometime.


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jornal 5

In this program, I learned a lot of things about American culture. And there is significant changes in my impression to America.

Before this program, I thought America has more simple history and culture. It is because we always hear that America is a nation of individualism and Japan is one of collectivism. So people don’t care about what they do and they have never looked back their history. This was my image to America. But in fact their history and culture are very complicated and I can realized the diversity of America.
When I felt the diversity strongly, it is the class about race and gender. And I’m also surprised at the hierarchy by race and gender. In Japan, people don’t think about these problems very seriously. I think it is because people haven’t runned into the problems for real.

Moreover I learned American people look beck only happy things in their history. Actually in Japan there is the negative legacy like Atomic Bomb Dome in Hiroshima. Meanwhile in America there is no famous negative legacies. However, I think the negative legacy is very important to pass the history down the generations. For example, In also Japan, the textbooks don’t describe about the history between Japan and Korea. In the result, people sometimes have an extremely biased view. Therefore, looking back the negative history is absolutely necessary all over the world.

And, I got stimulated from Williamsburg. Williamsburg is the best place to learn about American general life. All the time I saw America from just one side. It is because I have been only so-called tourist spots in America.
In the life of Williamsburg, I felt that it is more difficult to live rather than Tokyo in Japan. The campus is too big to walk around and the convenience store like Wawa is a little bit far from the campus. Thanks to CI we could get in the cars, but if I don’t have a car in the Williamsburg, I think it is difficult to live.
But in spite of the inconvenience, I want to live there. It is because the people in Williamsburg are so nice and interested in us.

Meanwhile, I feel Washington is similar with Tokyo. The transit system develop and there are many kind of shops and restaurants. But I’m so scared because of the metro’s door. The door is the complete power door-lock. So if people are about to go out or in, the door will close not even know someone’s alive. It is too dangerous to use for a lot of people.Except this, I like Washington. There are many museums and we can go in at no charge, the street is clean, and people are so friendly.

I have ever been NY and Hawaii, each cities have unique atmosphere and culture. But, there is common point. So through this program I realized the people in America have big heart to the idea and thoughts everyone has. I’m so proud of participating this program. Thank you.

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Journal 5

Through the all event in the program, Keio/W&M Cross-Cultural Collaboration, I could learn a lot of things about the United States especially lifestyles of the student in Virginia.

Firstly, I would like to talk about diet of Americans. Don’t get me wrong, but I thought most all of Americans like and usually eat American foods such as hamburgers or pizza before I came to this program. However in this program, we could eat a lot of kinds of food like Korean, Indian, Italian and of course American, so I thought that there is little difference of food culture between Japan and the United States. Moreover, some Americans avow vegetarian like Chris’s family. The cause of my biased opinion is to apply to a stereotype “Americans eat so-called junk food.”

Secondly, I would like to talk about duty hours in the U.S. Almost all of shops especially retail and service store like pharmacies, coffee shops and so on. Therefore I had a little bit hard time when we stayed at Washington D.C. because we could not buy our breakfast or water at midnight. On the other hand in Japan, some shops like a convenience store open all year round. And I was surprised by office workers when I walked around the city. Usually in Japan, more than half of office’s light is still on at night but in the U.S., I could see office workers on their way home in spite that the sun still rises. Sometimes this situation such as overworking in Japan is becoming a social problem. Why does it happen in Japan? I think that it is caused by historical background. In 1880s, Japanese industry had advantage of the cotton and steel, so the custom as people work from morning to night took root because they work in the same factory by using machines.

Thirdly, I would like to talk about consciousness of our history. In the U.S. especially in Washington D.C., there has a lot of monuments or statues for handing down from generation to generation. Moreover Smithsonian Institution manages many kind of museum near the political facilities, so I felt that people living in the U.S. think things from the historical background is most important thing because of the number of monuments. On the other hand in Japan, the way to hand down from generation to generation is almost passed on by word of mouth like the story of World War II by my grandfather. Therefore there has a problem not to tell people exact and equal.

Fourthly, I would talk about the things I would still like to learn about the U.S. I will work at the real estate company, which has a strategy to expand the scope of business area like Asia, the U.S. and Europe, next year. Through this program, we could learn a lot of American culture in the lecture, but I want to know it especially business environment because I would like to work in the U.S. as real estate officer or architecture in the future, so I am still interested in the scene of business in the U.S. like legal system, difference among the each states and so on.

Finally, let me just say one thing, “Thank you everyone.” I appreciate lots of supporting by PAs, CIs and the member of this program. Owing to this I could have such a great time and I hope to see you again!

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Journal 5

It has been more than two weeks since the William and Mary/Keio Cross-Cultural Collaboration program was over. That 15 days were literally amazing. Now I’m writing this final journal, looking back memories in Williamsburg and Washington D.C. Today, I’d like to write about some of the impressive things, that I went through as a final assignment, and hope it will help me remembering the precious time in the U.S.

Sharing time with William and Mary students, all of the PAs and CIs, and being a student of there for two weeks became unforgettable experiences. It was so nice to meet everyone. They all are so open and friendly so I really enjoyed talking with them. Through those conversations, I realized that how William and Mary students are passionate about study and think deeply about it. I had considered myself as a hard worker until I joined this program. Actually, I was working hard, but what I was doing was carrying out things that I need to do, without contemplating. In lectures, dialogue classes, focus group works and even during chatting, PAs and CIs gave us questions like, ‘Why do you think so?’ or ‘What are you thinking about?’. Sometimes I was not able to say anything aloud not because I didn’t understand the topics nor questions, but because I couldn’t come up any opinions. This might be hard for American students to understand. In Japan, however, it happens I think. Since I haven’t been asked to say anything in classes in Japan, all I have to do is to listen what the teachers say and try to understand. So I’ve completely lost a habit to ‘think’. It sounds like so superficial but that is exactly how I’ve learned things for several years. I have no idea if it is related the national traits or not, but now I am hundred percent sure that I could not have noticed the importance of ‘thinking’, if I had not been there.

Another thing that I like to keep in mind is how I observed diversity in American culture. I study world history including American history so I did know that America is culturally and historically diverse. However, that was more than I expected. Professors of William and Mary delivered the lectures about several kinds of diversities in the U.S. I realized that almost all of the American issues are related to them, especially racial diversity. Since I actually had experience of staying the west coast of the U.S. and spent time with people who live there, I thought I had enough understanding about the issue. But that was my first time to go to south-east region, and the my image of America completely changed. For example, In west coast, I saw more Asians. I’m not sure it is relevant but sometimes I felt like people are curiously watching us. I didn’t feel bad and I didn’t consider it as a racism, I just realized the differences. To see the good side of that, I believe this experience will certainly help me with making up my mind where and what to study in the future. However, the incident happened in Charlottesville, the attack of KKK, was very shocking thing to me. I couldn’t believe that awful violent like that still exist in America. What was worse, President Trump didn’t sincerely deal with it. This point also became one of my interests about the U.S., about the President Donald Trump. It seemed obvious that his thoughts are extreme and crazy. His insistences sound always related to White-Man power to me. Then, why he was elected? That is my biggest question these days. I still don’t have the answer of that, but I felt like I’ve seen the part of the racial conflicts in America. I guess the circumstance surrounding the U.S. will change dramatically. Whether it’s good way or bad way, (I’m afraid it supposed to be bad way though) I will keep an eye on that.

I had so much fun sharing time with all of the PAs, CIs and Keio students. How time flies, two weeks was too short and good things happened in the blink of an eye. But thanks to everyone who became my companies, I’m pretty confident that I was able to make the most of them and have awesome experiences that I’ll never forget in my life. I appreciate everything. I don’t want to say good-bye, I just say see you again sometime and somewhere in the future!

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First I would talk about how my perception changed before and after the program. After the program I think I had some wrong views about America. One of my wrong views is about food. Before the program I thought almost every American food was covered in oil and big. But actually there were many kinds of food and some food were healthy than I expected. For example during the program I ate Vietnam food, Korean food, Italian food, Japanese food and so on, and many food were less greasy than expected. Not only in America but also in Japan we can eat food of various countries, so I think this view was just bias for America. Second I had wrong view about safety in America. I worried about having my pocket picked and to be shot by gun. But these worries were unnecessarily. Before the program I thought Japan was safer than America but I think safety is same in both countries. Perhaps it depends on the area, at least the places visited by the program were safer than I expected. I did not know actual state of America until I had experienced America, so I thought it was important to experience with my own eyes.

Next I would talk about things I would still like to learn about the U.S. I would like to visit other areas of U.S., because America is big and I only experienced limited and specific areas, so I visit other places and I want to know America more. I felt that Williamsburg and Washington, D.C. were very different and I was surprised these differences. Williamsburg has a calm atmosphere. On the other hand in Washington, D.C there is lots of traffic and it is noisy. The people’s atmosphere is also differ. I thought people in Williamsburg were friendly than people in Washington, D.C. Because America is larger than Japan I suspect cities in America are more diverse than Japan. Of course Japan also has various cities and features are different depends on the area. For example Shibuya and Hinohara Village are both Tokyo, but they are very different. Shibuya is busy and there are many people. In contrast Hinohara Village is calm and there is even a waterfall. Even small country like Japan there are many different areas, I think America is more diverse than Japan. I would like to visit other places in America and I want to know about America more.

Next I would talk about most important things I learned. The lecture of race relations in American history was very impressed. Before the program I knew about the separation of black people, but I did not have much information about it. The lecture was good opportunity to cultivate a better understanding. I learned that segregation still remains now and I felt sad about this fact. Actually during this program the accident of white supremacists occurred and some people were injured. I feel it is difficult to solve this problem, because we unconsciously feel a sense of incongruity for people of different race types and the problem of race relation continued from long ago. Japan also have the racial problem, so I think it is good to cooperate America and Japan to solve these problem. I hope that all people can live happy irrespective of race someday.

Finally, I would talk about cultural observations of life in the United States. Sometimes I felt that the feeling regarding the distance was different between the United States and Japan. For example, when we went museums in a free time, I heard that we could go two museums because they were so close. I thought I could move between two museums by walking. But actually we used car and I felt it took many times. America is bigger than Japan, so I think that the sense of distance is different from Japan. From my experience in Japan people say that “the distance is close” when we can go destination within 30 minutes or less than 30 minutes. But I think American people use “close” even when it take 60minutes by car. This program was very short but it was fun. This time was an unforgettable memory for me.

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Journal 5

William & Mary and Keio Cross Cultural Collaboration program has come to an end. Two weeks passed in the blink of an eye, but I had a really great time with CIs, PAs and Keio students. I am so happy to be able to become acquainted with them. I was always supported and learned a lot of things from them. I appreciated what they have done for me from the bottom of my heart. I thank especially Mr. Slaby, Qiaoyue and Laura for their support. Thanks to them, I really enjoyed Dialogue class, Focus Group works, and my daily life. Everything is a memory that I will not forget for the rest of my life.

It was my first visit to the United States and the longest stay overseas so far. Through this program, I had a lot of precious experiences. These can only be experienced outside Japan so it was a good chance to think about U.S. and to reconsider Japan. In U.S., there are many things including the historical meaning such as Monuments, Memorials, Colonial Williamsburg and so on. I always felt the history of U.S. It was at one time a colony and there were slavery. There were also serious racial segregation (but this does not mean that the segregation vanished completely). I thought that U.S. has shorter history than other countries, but a lot of important things happened. One of the most impressive experiences is visiting to The National Archives Museum of the United States. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) preserves U.S. government records, manages the Presidential Libraries system, and publishes laws, regulations, Presidential, and other public documents. The museum is the main building. In this building, we could learn about the U.S. history with a lot of pictures and documents and it made us think. We could see the history of civil rights movement, women’s rights movements but I could hardly see the history of the wars. I deepened my understanding of my knowledge that learned though a lot of lectures. I thought that these histories affected various things in the United States and I thought that the main theme of this building is the Rights. Especially I was glad to see three America’s founding documents, Declaration of Independence, Constitution and Bill of Rights. U.S began from these documents so I think that these are one of the roots of U.S. U.S. is a nation which has diversity of race or religion or ethnic group or culture. Everyone has his own identity. That is especially why they accept and value diversity and the rights each other. Their own right is also protected by doing so it. In contrast, I also perceived I cannot say definitely the roots of Japanese. I don’t know when Japan began. Japan is not a multiracial nation and most Japanese have no religion, that is, Japan has less diversity than U.S. We seldom sense differences between ourselves and others in Japan and it is not until we compare with other countries that we become aware of our identity. Therefore I think Japanese are not good at accepting the many forms of differences and we have to expand our scope.

Though this program, I learned a lot of important things. There are people of various values and views of life, I am still inexperienced, almost things will come round so I should challenge myself to anything and so on. Everything like the experiences and feelings I had during those periods expanded my horizons and these are great asset to my life. At the same time, I can strongly feel the importance of English and understanding other cultures so I want to put these experiences to use in my study and life from now on. I thank all of the people who have been involved with me from the bottom of my heart. I wanted to spend more time with them and I hope to see them all again.

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Journal 5

This is my fifth and last journal for William and Mary & Keio cross cultural program. In this journal I would like to share what I’ve learned by joining the whole program and what I’ve thought since I came back to Japan.

It has been 2 weeks since we’ve came back to Japan. I was very happy to meet my friends in japan again, but missing PAs and SAs in W&M a lot at the same time. In this exchange program, I made new friends, had great experience, learned a lot not only by attending lecture but also by participating in discussion. I certainly feel that experience of joining this program effected me in a very positive way.

I am glad that I made the decision to join the program few months ago. I think it is the best decision I made so far since I entered University. Keio offers us more than 10 program to chose from such as Oxford university, Cambridge university and more. Each program seemed interesting, but I’m very happy that I chose W&M from all the other option. I chose this program because I had been interested in American culture for so long, and I wanted to learn and experience what it is like to live in America.

I have been very interested in American culture since I was in preschool. I went to an International preschool so there were a lot of American teachers. We did trick-or-treating much earlier than it became common in Japan. I knew a lot of Christmas songs from America because we had Christmas concert every year. I still had been interested in American culture after I’ve grown up. I watched a lot of drama series and movies from America. Not only that, after entering Keio, I started to watch a lot of American YouTube channels and became interested in American life and culture more and more.

I definitely enjoyed every single moment of the program, however what I enjoyed the most was the discussion time with my dialogue class. Because I’m such a talkative and dramatic person, I love to share my thoughts and exchange opinion with others. I love brainstorming and I feel so happy when I discover a new point of view by learning others opinion. Sadly, in Japan, we don’t have much chance to have a discussion because most of the classes are lecture based where professor talks the whole time. Therefore, I was very happy when I discovered that we had a time when we could share our opinion. By joining the discussion in dialogue class, and talking with PAs, SAs and lecturers, I realized that American people I met all accepts opinion from other perspective. They even accepted counterarguments. Their acceptance and understanding made everyone who participated in the discussion feel that we could say whatever we felt, which lead to active discussion. Also everyone let us ask political or personal questions, which surprised me because in Japan most people feel offended when we were asked those kind of questions. I really liked how a lot of American people are open minded and how they always welcome question and others opinion. I wonder why there is a big difference between American discussion and Japanese discussion, and I really wish we had more chance of discussing in Japanese education! Educational system can’t be changed overnight. However, I can try to be an open minded and welcoming person like American people I met during the program. Whenever I had a chance of having a discussion with others, I will try my best to be an open minded and welcoming person because we’ve realized how that one person can make the discussion active and make it a safe place where everyone can share idea without being attacked.

Since I came back to Japan, I found myself paying attention when the TV news reports issue in the U.S. Because I’ve learned a lot about American culture during the program, it made me easy to understand the current issue in America. In addition, because now I am able to understand American issue deeply, I became more interested in American culture. Now I’m thinking of going to a University in overseas as an exchange student. I’m not sure it will be in America or not, but my experience of this project definitely made me interested in other cultures. I really want to say thank you to everyone who made my journey possible, and Williamsburg is definitely in my list of places I want to revisit soon!

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Journal 5

I leaned a lot of American cultures and experienced American lifestyle during this short exchange program. For example, I learned American “feminism” and “racism” and “sexuality”. I ate American foods and paid “tip” at the restaurants and listened American musics and danced. I enjoyed them very much. The impressions and images of America that I was thinking has changed even in good way and bad way. Before this short exchange program, I did not what I do not know about America. But after that, I clearly understood what I do not know about America. And I got a better understandings of what I knew. This short exchange program was a very good experience for me and I think that it will greatly influence my future college life of course in good way.
What I wondered most thought through this short exchange program is “American citizenship”. Many Japanese people who were born from Japanese parents live in Japan. And they have Japanese nationalities. They have Japanese custom for example all Japanese people always say “itadakimasu” before they eat. So “Japanese citizenship” is easy to understand for me. On the other hand, many people who have various nationalities live in America. And there are many Americans who were born from parents with different nationalities from America. I had a question “what is the definition of American”. What is the standard for defining Americans? People who have American nationalities? People who were born from American parents? People who live in America? People who have consciousness as Americans? People who have American custom? In framework lecture, I learned citizenship. Citizenship is classified into two categories “legal” and “cultural”. But I did not understand at all about “citizenship” so I researched “citizenship education”because I thought how to teach citizenship is the key to understand it.
Federal government is adopting “citizenship education”. In 1916, they adopted a citizen’s curriculum at middle school and high school. In 1994, they enacted “Goal 2000:Educate America Act”. And they emphasized that citizenship education is the center of American educational goal and necessarily for American democracy. I think because they have social and political problems that Americans are multi-ethnic group and multi-religious group in this background. Now, federal and state governments and schools and private organizations are collaborating to realize it. For example, in the US presidential election, 1.5 millions children did a simulated vote in 11 thousands voting places in 2004.
There are two points of “citizenship education”. First, American students have learned “judgment” since they are elementary school students. For example, they study “the fear that they vote without understanding the details”. In other words, they learn that if they decide by only their feelings without understanding the contents and vote, they fall into “a trap of voting”. Secondary, they have leaned “a point of voting”. Especially teachers focus on about current affair issues. Students are not taught what the issue points, they practice to gather information through media and think carefully and construct issues. The government thinks that it leads to citizenship that actively participating in politics is a member of Americans. In these ways, federal government gives American children awareness as Americans by adopting citizenship education in America that is multi-ethnic group and multi-religious group.
I recognized the difference between Japan and America citizenship through this investigation. Japanese are easy to recognize that they are Japanese so they don’t actively win citizenship. On the other hand, there are many ethnic groups living in America so Americans need to communicate that they are Americans. So Americans have actively acquired citizenship. Nowadays immigrants and refugees are increasing in Japan. I think that Japanese people need to actively acquire citizenship.

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